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英語

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英語

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シラバス - 本コースの学習内容

1
2時間で修了

What is Philosophy?

(Dr. Dave Ward) We’ll start the course by thinking about what Philosophy actually is: what makes it different from other subjects? What are its distinctive aims and methods? We'll also think about why the questions that philosophers attempt to answer are often thought to be both fundamental and important, and have a look at how philosophy is actually practiced. Finally, we'll briefly touch upon two very influential philosophers' answers to the question of how we can know whether, in any given case, there really is a right way of thinking about things.

...
4件のビデオ (合計47分), 3 readings, 2 quizzes
4件のビデオ
Philosophy: Difficult, Important and Everywhere11 分
Philosophy: How Do We Do It?17 分
Is There A 'Right Way' To Think About Things?6 分
3件の学習用教材
About this Course10 分
Module: What is Philosophy?10 分
Optional Reading10 分
2の練習問題
Practice: What is Philosophy?8 分
What is Philosophy?10 分
2
1時間で修了

Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?

(Dr. Matthew Chrisman) We all live with some sense of what is good or bad, some feelings about which ways of conducting ourselves are better or worse. But what is the status of these moral beliefs, senses, or feelings? Should we think of them as reflecting hard, objective facts about our world, of the sort that scientists could uncover and study? Or should we think of moral judgements as mere expressions of personal or cultural preferences? In this module we’ll survey some of the different options that are available when we’re thinking about these issues, and the problems and prospects for each.

...
4件のビデオ (合計44分), 2 readings, 1 quiz
4件のビデオ
Objectivism, Relativism and Emotivism13 分
Objections to Objectivism, Relativism and Emotivism11 分
Further Discussion7 分
2件の学習用教材
Module: Morality: Objective, Emotive or Relative?10 分
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10 分
1の練習問題
Practice: Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?12 分
1時間で修了

What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?

(Professor Duncan Pritchard) We know a lot of things – or, at least, we think we do. Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge; what it is, and the ways we can come to have it. In this module, we’ll take a tour through some of the issues that arise in this branch of philosophy. In particular, we’ll think about what radical scepticism means for our claims to knowledge. How can we know something is the case if we’re unable to rule out possibilities that are clearly incompatible with it?

...
5件のビデオ (合計56分), 2 readings, 1 quiz
5件のビデオ
The Classical Account of Knowledge and the Gettier Problem18 分
Do We Have Any Knowledge?10 分
Further Discussion 110 分
Further Discussion 23 分
2件の学習用教材
Module: What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?10 分
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10 分
1の練習問題
Practice: What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?12 分
1時間で修了

Week 2 review: Lesson Choices

...
2 quizzes
2の練習問題
Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?20 分
What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?24 分
3
1時間で修了

Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?

(Dr. Guy Fletcher) The laws of a state govern what we can and cannot do within that state. But do we have an obligation to obey those laws? In this module, we'll discuss this question, together with some of the main positions that philosophers have developed in response to it. We'll start off by examining what obeying the law means exactly. Then we'll look at three factors that might form the basis of an obligation to follow the law. Finally, we'll discuss what the consequences might be if the problem can't be solved.

...
7件のビデオ (合計27分), 2 readings, 1 quiz
7件のビデオ
The Grounds of Political Obligation2 分
Gratitude and Benefit4 分
Consent8 分
Fairness3 分
What if the Problem Can't Be Solved?1 分
Summary1 分
2件の学習用教材
Module: Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?10 分
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10 分
1の練習問題
Practice: Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?20 分
1時間で修了

Should You Believe What You Hear?

(Dr. Allan Hazlett) Much of what we think about the world we believe on the basis of what other people say. But is this trust in other people's testimony justified? In this module, we’ll investigate how this question was addressed by two great philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume (1711 - 1776) and Thomas Reid (1710 - 1796). Hume and Reid's dispute about testimony represents a clash between two worldviews that would continue to clash for centuries: a skeptical and often secular worldview, eager to question everything (represented by Hume), and a conservative and often religious worldview, keen to defend common sense (represented by Reid).

...
5件のビデオ (合計25分), 2 readings, 1 quiz
5件のビデオ
Reid's Challenge to Hume2 分
Reid's Argument5 分
Kant, the Enlightenment and Intellectual Autonomy4 分
The Value of Intellectual Autonomy3 分
2件の学習用教材
Module: Should You Believe What You Hear?10 分
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10 分
1の練習問題
Practice: Should You Believe What You Hear?8 分
1時間で修了

Week 3 review: Lesson Choices

...
2 quizzes
2の練習問題
Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?20 分
Should You Believe What You Hear?20 分
4
2時間で修了

Minds, Brains and Computers

(Dr. Suilin Lavelle) If you’re reading this, then you’ve got a mind. But what is a mind, and what does it take to have one? Should we understand minds as sets of dispositions to behave in certain ways, as patterns of neural activation, or as akin to programmes that are run on the computational hardware of our brains? In this module, we’ll look at how and why recent philosophy of mind and psychology has embraced each of these options in turn, and think about the problems and prospects for each.

...
7件のビデオ (合計57分), 2 readings, 1 quiz
7件のビデオ
Physicalism: Identity Theory and Functionalism13 分
Functionalism and What Mental States Do8 分
Functionalism and Functional Complexity4 分
Minds vs. Machines: The Turing Test and the Chinese Room11 分
Minds vs. Machines: Problems for the Computational View of the Mind4 分
Further Discussion4 分
2件の学習用教材
Module: Mind, Brains and Computers10 分
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10 分
1の練習問題
Practice: Minds, Brains and Computers24 分
1時間で修了

Are Scientific Theories True?

(Professor Michela Massimi) In this module we will explore a central and ongoing debate in contemporary philosophy of science: whether or not scientific theories are true. Or better, whether a scientific theory needs to be 'true' to be good at all. The answer to this question comes in two main varieties. Scientific realists believe that theories ought to be true in order to be good. We will analyse their main argument for this claim (which goes under the name of 'no miracles argument'), and some prominent objections to it. Scientific antirealists, on the other hand, defend the view that there is nothing special about 'truth' and that scientific theories and scientific progress can be understood without appeal to it. The aim of this session is to present both views, their main arguments, and prospects.

...
7件のビデオ (合計29分), 2 readings, 1 quiz
7件のビデオ
Saving the Phenomena? Ptolemeic Astronomy5 分
Truth? Galileo and Copernican Astronomy2 分
Scientific Realism and the No Miracles Argument3 分
Scientific Anti-Realism: Constructive Empiricism7 分
Realist Rejoinders: Inference to the Best Explanation5 分
Concluding Summary2 分
2件の学習用教材
Module: Are Scientific Theories True?10 分
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10 分
1の練習問題
Practice: Are Scientific Theories True?16 分
1時間で修了

Week 4 review: Lesson Choices

...
2 quizzes
2の練習問題
Minds, Brains and Computers20 分
Are Scientific Theories True?20 分
4.6
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Introduction to Philosophy からの人気レビュー

by LTSep 2nd 2015

I thoroughly enjoyed this course and find that it encouragingly sets some directions, and of course, raises my excitement for further study into some of the different fields of philosophy. Thank you.

by CCOct 8th 2015

Great explanations that is broken down with examples for understanding. Quizzes test for your understanding of the topic rather than just the textbook explanations. Challenging and thought revoking.

講師

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Dr. Dave Ward

Lecturer in Philosophy
University of Edinburgh
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Professor Duncan Pritchard

Professor of Philosophy
University of Edinburgh
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Professor Michela Massimi

Full Professor
Philosophy
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Dr. Suilin Lavelle

Lecturer in Philosophy
University of Edinburgh
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Dr. Matthew Chrisman

Reader in Philosophy
Philosophy
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Guy Fletcher

Lecturer
Philosophy
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Elinor Mason

Senior Lecturer
Philosophy

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